The Various Manifestations of Déjà Vu Experience

Déjà vu refers to "any subjectively inappropriate impression of familiarity of a present experience with an undefined past." (Neppe, 1983, The Psychology of Déjà Vu) Because déjà vu is subjective and has been demonstrated to have several different subtypes, I do not classify it as within the domain of psi experience although a subtype called Subjective Paranormal Déjà Vu (Neppe, 1981) may be.

The terms "déjà experience" and "déjà vu" are used interchangeably. There are many ways in which déjà experience may manifest.

Some of these have specific names:

déjà entendu already heard
déjà eprouvé already experienced
déjà fait already done
déjà pensé already thought
déjà raconté already recounted
déjà senti already felt, smelt
déjà su already known (intellectually)
déjà trouvé already found (met)
déjà vécu already lived
déjà voulu already desired

At times the demarcation is artificial, as the déjà experience can coexist in more than one of the above categories. Moreover, there are several other common kinds of déjà experience that have not yet been categorized. Neppe (in conjunction with Prof BG Rogers, Professor of French, University of the Witwatersrand) in 1981 suggested the following additional terms:

déjà arrivé already happened
déjà connu already known (personal knowing)
déjà dit already said/spoken (content of speech)
déjà gouté already tasted
déjà lu already read
déjà parlé already spoken (act of speech)
déjà pressenti already 'sensed'
déjà rencontré already met
déjà revé already dreamt
déjà visité already visited

Déjà rencontré appears preferable to déjà trouvé for the already met experience because it specifically relates to interpersonal situations.

In the long and arduous process of Neppe rewriting his original 1983 book on déjà vu, two books have been created: Déjà Vu: A Second Look and its companion piece, Déjà Vu Revisited.16. One interesting consequence has been the realization of the necessity for six more kinds of déjà experience. Neppe's original list of 21 (10 developed as above in 1981) (see Déjà Vu Revisited) did not adequately represent the following:

déjà aprés already after (post-ictal)
déjà chanté already sung
déjà ésotérique already esoteric
déjà halluciné already hallucinated
déjà mangé already already eaten
déjà musique already heard or played specific music
déjà paradoxe already paradoxical
déjà rétrosenti already sensed (as a reanimation of the past)
déjà touché

already touched (physical sensation)

These are discussed in detail in Déjà Vu: A Second Look




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